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Experience the celebration of SERRAHNA, a women’s fashion boutique in the San Francisco Bay Area specializing in colorful and contemporary clothing for women. Renowned for its fabulous fabrics from India.
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Fabric Care ~ SERRAHNA to be a Queen
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SERRAHNA Fabric and textiles care
SERRAHNA

Washing & Care of Textiles

Our fabrics may be exotic and exceptionally beautiful, but a little bit of education can go a long ways when it comes to washing and care instructions.

Generally, hand washing and line drying are best, but I’ve compiled below descriptions of the specific fabrics featured at Serrahna and detailed instructions on how to best care for each of them.

With a little bit of attention paid to proper care, our customers find that their garments retain their colors and remain lovely for a long time. And if you have additional washing and care questions, we welcome your questions at Serrahna.

BANDHINI

BANDHINI

A process of hand tying and dying fabric via pinching and thread wrapping to create a semi-permanent texture in silk, cotton, & wool. Once upon a time, the common cotton kerchief was made in this way, hence the word “bandana” derives from the “bandhini” technique used. After washing scarves or clothes, the texture softens only to better reveal a lovely pattern on the cloth. Only polyester will permanently maintain its texture.  Handwash your fine silk or cotton bandhinis.  Rinse water til clear, hang to dry.

BLOCK PRINT

BLOCK PRINT

Wooden blocks are carved by hand and used to print patterns on cotton. Often natural/vegetable dyes are used. Generally these prints are color fast if the garment is washed cool. Will shrink a small amount if tumbled dry. Air dry usually is best. Always wash first by hand to check for color runoff.  If you choose to wash by machine, color will fade faster.

BLOCK PRINT AJZARAK

BLOCK PRINT AJZARAK

An elaborate type of block print  traditionally designed by & for  Muslim men. A series of 26 different blocks create various geometric designs. Most of the imagery appear like constellations, with very little flora or fauna motifs. More often than not, these intricate prints are dyed with natural dyes. Handwash cool, hang to dry, or dryclean.

LACE

LACE

 Stretch lace is generally a nylon & lycra mix. Machine wash & hang to dry.

BHUTI

BHUTI

Refers to a small dot or medallion woven into a cloth, often in a metallic or contrast thread.

LAHARIA

LAHARIA

Means wave in Hindi. The fabric is folded on the bias and wrapped with interval binding threads, creating a linear pattern and semi-permanent texture.

QUILTING

QUILTING

Either hand stitched with long running threads, or machine quilted, this technique gives a thick textured look to garments and shawls. Our handquilted items are made in the deserts of India by women’s cooperatives, similar to quilting bees. Hand washing or drycleaning is best.

SHIBORI

SHIBORI

A method of ruching cloth with a needle & thread which creates folds & creases which resists dye. Note the needle marks on the cloth. Hand care or dryclean.

SHOT

SHOT

Refers to the 2-tone coloration of cloth as woven by a warp of one color and a weft of another. AKA: shark skin, doop-chow. Synthetic shot fabrics can be delicately hand/machine washed and hung to dry.

SILK

SILK

Indian silks are sumptuous. Dry cleaning is best for most silks although hand washing is doable for those willing to accept that shrinkage and temporary texture change is inevitable. Any lined garment should always be dry cleaned!

BROCADE SILK

Threads are intricately woven to create a woven pattern or jacquard. Often the borders of saris and cottons are done with a metallic brocade border. Handwash or dryclean.

SILK RAW

SILK RAW

Heavier & characterized by its slubs, this classic likes to be either handwashed or drycleaned. If ironing is required, make sure the temp on the iron is low.

SILK LIGHT WEIGHT

SILK LIGHT WEIGHT

Used for our hand embroidered tunics, handcare or dryclean.

SILK ORGANZA

SILK ORGANZA

Ultra fine, “the emperors new clothes” of textiles. Handwash this wispy sheer silk.

CRUSH POLY

CRUSH POLY

Machine crushed synthetics retain a permanent crush even after repeated machine washings. Hang to dry, never iron!

VELVET

VELVET

Our current line is a rayon velvet, which is mill crushed. One can hand wash or dryclean, but please note that eventually the crush will flatten out.

VELVET DEVORE

VELVET DEVORE

Burnout velvet, a sheer background is revealed along with the nap of the velvet. Machine wash, hang to dry.

KHADI

KHADI

Refers to a hand woven cloth, as promoted by Mahatma Gandhi.

WOOL KASHMIRI ARI

WOOL KASHMIRI ARI

Wool is often hand loomed into shawls, brocades come from the northern state of Kashmir.

Hand embroidered woolens are the hallmark of northern India. Handwash or Dryclean.

WOOL PASHMINA BROCADE

WOOL PASHMINA BROCADE

Pure wool pashmina comes from the underbelly of a spring goat, or a pashmina wool mixed with silk makes a super fine shawl.

Pashmina & silk blend, handwashable. Brocades so soft are prone to snagging, so take care with jewelry & cats.

WOOL KUTCHI

WOOL KUTCHI

Tribal woolens can come from Gujarat, Rajasthan, & other northern territories. Hand care or dryclean.

ZARDOZI

ZARDOZI

3-D Embroidery with sometimes pure gold or silver threads, beads, & sequins. Often considered wedding finery, royalty wear or stage costume, the high glitz of this metallic thread is unmistakably Indian. If you must clean, a gentle hand wash is preferred. No wringing, soaking, or ironing.

IKAT

IKAT

An intricate method of creating a pattern onto cloth. First the unwoven threads are bound and dyed. After the loom is harnessed, the cloth is woven to reveal its pattern. Double ikats refer to this treatment on both the warp and weft.

EMBROIDERY

EMBROIDERY

Indian embroidery ranks among the world’s finest. Either hand or machine embroidery requires dry cleaning. In some cases, a careful hand wash is fine, too. Mirrorwork is done by hand; small glass or foil mirrors are encased with a handstitched thread.

CRUSH SILK

CRUSH SILK

A pleating method, done by hand, which resembles an irregular narrow knife pleat.

*Same for SILK CRUSH

Crushed Silks & Cottons can regain their crushed look by doing the following:

  1. Hand wash or machine ULTRA delicate, separately.
  2. Use liquid soap that has NO bleach. Read the fine print to find out.
  3. Wash, rinse, hang. NEVER soak!
  4. Hang to dry. When damp/almost dry, twist from end to end (neckline to hem) enclosing sleeves. Twist until the garment twists unto itself, and tie into a pretzel like knot. Leave to dry 24 hours in a warm but not sunny location.
  5. Unfold. If still damp, retwist and repeat drying process.
  6. For an ultra crushed effect, spray starch onto the garment while damp or dry before crushing.
GEORGETTE

GEORGETTE

A lightweight rayon crepe which dyes and drapes well. Can be hand washed, but beware because it will shrink. The cloth can be ironed out to its original size. However, to avoid shrinkage, dry clean.

HAND WASH: With a mild liquid soap that contains no bleach, garments that are hand washable should be gently immersed in the tepid solution. Wash>Rinse>Hang. Never Soak! Soaking encourages dye runoff. Since many Indian textiles are dyed without the chemical agents that pollute our environment, there can and often will be some color runoff.

COTTON

COTTON

Considered to be India’s staple textile. Most cottons come sized with rice starch to give the fabric stiffness. One wash will remove much of the sizing. Two or three washings give a soft fine flow to the garment. One can always spray back in the starch washed out if a crisp look is desired.

BROCADE COTTON

BROCADE COTTON

One of the biggest detriments to washing brocade is throwing it in a machine with a bra whose hooks act like cat’s claws! Handwash cool, hang dry, or dry clean is best. Use a warm iron to press out rippled metallic borders.